Category Archive Male Infertility

7 leafy vegetables ideal for men’s health

Do you add leafy vegetables to your plate? 

Perhaps not. 

Not many men feel the importance of adding leafy vegetables to their diet. When you do not include leafy vegetables in your regular meals, you succumb to health issues. Just as with other veggies, you should add leafy veggies to your diet. The more you eat leafy veggies, the stronger and healthy you will become.

Leafy vegetables are as important as other vegetables. From getting energy to keeping various health disorders away, leafy veggies are important for all men. Dark darkest vegetables are full of multivitamins. You can derive folate, vitamins A, C, and K. Get sufficient minerals such as iron and calcium. Many men do not know that leafy vegetables are an excellent source of fiber. 

Nutrients are found in leafy vegetables which prevent various cancers. Promote heart health with various leafy vegetables. Men are prone to heart issues which can be harmful to overall health. Consuming leafy vegetables regularly can keep health disorders away. 

Aim to eat three servings of leafy veggies every week to keep health disorders at bay. Consume leafy vegetables to stay away from sexual problems. Cenforce 200 mg Sildenafil Pills can help men recover from sexual problems. 

Need Of Leafy Veggies For Men 

Your body requires dietary fat to absorb vitamins which can be obtained from leafy veggies. When preparing leafy vegetables, do not add butter or oil which can destroy nutrients. Add a little oil or boil leafy veggies to get adequate nutrients. 

There are some leafy veggies which you can consume in the raw form. If you are consuming them in a raw form, you can add a bit of olive oil. Have raw leafy vegetables in the form of salads which can also add vital nutrients to your body. 

Cooked or raw leafy vegetables can be eaten to derive ample nutrients as well as health benefits. When you eat leafy vegetables properly, you can expect to get sufficient minerals and vitamins. 

Eating leafy vegetables can help men’s health safeguard from various health ailments. Keep your heart healthy and keep blood pressure and cholesterol levels in check with leafy vegetables. Eat more leafy vegetables in various ways so that you can enjoy good physical and sexual health. Not eating proper leafy greens can make you feel sexually sick. Vidalista 60 mg is known to restore men’s sexual function.

Importance Of Adding Leafy Veggies 

Leafy greens such as spinach, kale, bok choy, and Swiss chard are high in fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Including a variety of greens in your diet can help boost brain health. 

Lower the risk of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, and cancer with the consumption of leafy vegetables. Reduce the risk of obesity and various chronic health disorders with regular consumption of leafy greens. Restore sexual health with Fildena 100 mg tablets and leafy vegetables.

Seven Leafy Vegetables Ideal For Men’s Health 

1. Cabbage:

Cabbage is a cluster of thick leaves which can be found in purple, green, and white colors. Cabbage belongs to the Brassica family which provides good amounts of nutrients. Cabbage is known for its anticancer properties. 

Protect esophageal cancer and lung cancer with adequate consumption of cabbage. Improve your immune system and digestion with different dishes of cabbage. Promote weight loss with the consumption of cabbage.

2. Spinach:

Spinach is one of the well-known leafy vegetables which you can incorporate in various dishes. Include spinach in smoothies, soups, and salads. The nutrient profile of spinach is quite impressive. Have various vitamins and manganese in spinach to prevent yourself from high blood pressure. Increase your iron level with the consumption of spinach.

3. Collard Greens:

Collard greens belong to spring greens and they are connected to kale. These greens have thick leaves which taste better. The structure of collard greens is similar to cabbage and kale. Get a good source of folate, vitamin C, vitamin K, and B vitamins. 

Keep bone health good and prevent blood clots with the consumption of collard greens. When you normalize blood pressure, you will not suffer from impotence. Medicines from Buysafepills can be beneficial for maintaining good health. 

4. Microgreens:

Immature greens that are produced from the seeds are known as microgreens. These microgreens are used in decoration and garnishing. The small-sized microgreens contain high amounts of nutrients. Microgreens are extremely nutritious and are packed with vitamins C, K, and E. 

5. Kale:

One of the most nutrient-rich vegetables is kale which has high amounts of antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins. Reduce the risk of oxidative stress with daily consumption of kale. Instead of cooking this leafy green, you should consume it in its raw form. Derive ample health benefits from raw kale.

6. Dandelion Greens:

These leafy greens have tangy as well as bitter flavor. It is rich in calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamin A, and vitamin C. Consume dandelion greens in a raw or steamed form. Add kale in soups or add in sauces. You can also have these greens in stir-fried foods. 

7. Mustard Greens:

Mustard greens consist of a spicy or peppery flavor and are rich in vitamins A, C, and K. Make your bones strong with mustard greens which have high amounts of calcium. Stir fry mustard greens or add them to the salads, wraps, or sandwiches. 

Bottom line

Make the best of your health with the aforementioned seven leafy greens.

Sperm Count

1.0 Introduction to Sperm Count

1.1 What is Sperm Count?

The number of sperm cells in a sample of semen is the sperm count. It is a way to measure how many sperm are in the sperm. Most of the time, the count is found by looking at a sample of sperm under a microscope and counting how many sperm cells there are per millilitre (mL) of sperm.

Most people think that 15 million or more sperm cells per millilitre is a normal number of sperm. But it’s important to remember that you can still get pregnant even if you have a low sperm count. Other things, like how sperm move and how they look, also affect your ability to get pregnant.

A low sperm count, also called oligospermia, can be a sign of possible fertility problems and can make it harder for a couple to get pregnant on their own. If a low number of sperm is found, further testing and review may be suggested to find out why and look into possible treatment options.

It’s important to remember that sperm count can change for many reasons, such as age, general health, lifestyle choices (like smoking or drinking too much alcohol), certain medical conditions, medicines, and environmental factors. A person’s sperm count and general fertility can be better understood with regular tests and talks with a health care worker.

1.2 Importance of Sperm Count in Male Fertility

Sperm count is a very important part of a man’s ability to have children because it can mean a lot of different things. First and foremost, the egg needs to be fertilised by sperm cells in order to start a pregnancy. A bigger number of sperm makes it more likely that the egg will be fertilised, which makes it more likely that the couple will get pregnant. Also, the number of sperm is often a good indicator of how good they are. A higher count means there are more healthy sperm cells, which makes it more likely that a sperm will reach the egg and get inside it.

Also, sperm count is a very important part of figuring out why a couple can’t get pregnant. If the number of sperm is low, it could mean that there are problems with pregnancy and help doctors figure out what’s wrong. This knowledge is very important for figuring out the best way to treat male infertility. Infertility treatments like intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are affected by the number of sperm.

Monitoring a man’s sperm count can also tell you about his general sexual health. Changes in the number of sperm can be a sign of health problems or ways of living that could affect reproduction. By checking the number of sperm regularly, you can keep track of your sexual health and make better decisions about family planning.

Also, the number of sperm can be used to predict how well fertility treatments will work. Assisted reproductive methods often work better when there are more sperm, giving hope to couples who are having trouble getting pregnant.

Even though sperm amount is important, it is also important to think about things like sperm movement, shape, and general reproductive health. All of these things add to a man’s ability to have children. So, it’s important to talk to a doctor who specialises in reproductive medicine to get a full review and advice that fits each person’s situation.

1.3 : Factors Affecting Sperm Count

Men’s sperm counts can be changed by a number of things. These things are:

factors affecting male fertility

factors affecting male fertility

Age: With age, the number of sperm starts to drop. Men who are older may have less sperm than men who are younger.

Health and lifestyle: obesity, diabetes, hormonal changes, and infections are all health problems that can affect sperm count. The production of sperm can also be affected by things like smoking, drinking too much, using drugs, and eating poorly.

Environmental Factors: Being exposed to toxins, chemicals, herbicides, and radiation in the environment can affect the number of sperm. Workplace dangers, like dealing with certain chemicals or in places with a lot of heat, can also stop sperm production.

Medication: Some drugs, like some antibiotics, antifungal drugs, and cancer drugs, may have side effects that can lower the number of sperm.

Testicular Overheating: If the testicles are exposed to high temperatures for a long time, like in hot baths, spas, or tight pants, the number of sperm can suddenly drop.

Genetic Factors: Low sperm counts can sometimes be caused by genetic factors. Some DNA diseases and defects can make it hard to make sperm.

Stress: Long-term worry can change hormone levels and sexual health, which could affect the number of sperm.

Previous Medical Treatments: Previous medical treatments, like surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy, can stop the production of sperm and lower the number of sperm.

2.0 The Male Reproductive System

Sperm Production and Maturation

Sperm Production and Maturation

2.1 The male reproductive system’s anatomy and physiology:
Several parts of a man’s reproductive system work together to make sperm and send it where it needs to go. The testes, which are also called testicles, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and penis, are all important parts. The testes are in charge of making sperm, while the other organs help move sperm and give semen the fluids it needs.

2.2 Sperm Production and Maturation: Sperm are made in the seminiferous tubules of the testes. This process is called spermatogenesis. Sperm cells, also called spermatozoa, are made from specialised cells called spermatogonia. These cells go through several stages of dividing and maturing before they become sperm cells. From the first split of spermatogonia to the release of mature sperm into the body of the seminiferous tubules, the process takes about 64–72 days.

During spermatogenesis, young sperm cells change the way they look and learn how to move. They also learn how to make a baby from an egg. The epididymis, a twisted tube on the back of each testicle, is where the last part of development happens. Here, the sperm change even more and get the ability to swim.

2.3 Normal Range of Sperm Count: A normal sperm count is usually described as having at least 15 million sperm cells per millilitre (mL) of semen or a total sperm count of 39 million or more per ejaculate. But it’s important to remember that a man can still be fertile even if he has a low number of sperm. Other things, like the way sperm move and look, also play a role in fertility.

3.0 Evaluating Sperm Count

3.1 Diagnostic Tests to Check Sperm Count: There are different diagnostic tests that can be done to check the number of sperm. A semen or sperm study is the most common test. During this test, a sample of sperm is taken and looked at in a lab. The sample is tested for the number of sperm, how they move, how they look, and other things.

In addition to analysing the sperm, other tests may be done to look for possible reasons for a low number of sperm or defects. These can include blood tests to measure hormone levels, genetic testing to find genetic problems that affect sperm production, imaging tests to look at the reproductive organs, and a testicular sample to look at the testicular tissue.

3.2 How to Understand the Results of a Sperm Analysis: The results of a sperm analysis tell you different things about the number and quality of sperm. In a semen study, things like sperm count (concentration), movement, shape, volume, pH level, and the presence of any other problems or diseases are looked at.

To figure out what the results mean, you have to compare the numbers you got to the reference ranges the lab gave you. A doctor who is an expert in reproductive medicine can look at the results and explain what they mean based on the unique reference areas and the person’s situation.

3.3 Reasons for Low Sperm Counts and Other Sperm Problems:

reason for low semen count

reason for low semen count

Low sperm counts or abnormal sperm production can be caused by a number of things. Some of these are:

Varicocele: Varicocele is a disease in which the veins inside the testicles get bigger. Varicoceles can cause the testicles to get hotter, which can hurt the production of sperm.
Hormonal imbalances: When hormones that control the reproductive system don’t work right, it can cause the number of sperm to be low. Low testosterone production (hypogonadism) or high prolactin levels (hyperprolactinemia) are two factors that can affect sperm quality.
Genetic factors: chromosomal problems (like Klinefelter syndrome) or Y-chromosome microdeletions can cause a low number of sperm or bad-quality sperm.
Infections: Some infections, like sexually transmitted ones like gonorrhoea or chlamydia, can cause inflammation and damage to the reproductive systems, which can lower the number of sperm or make them look different.
Testicular trauma: Injuries to the testicles, like those caused by crashes or surgeries, can affect how much and what kind of sperm is made.
Lifestyle choices: Bad choices in life can cause low sperm counts and other problems. Smoking, drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, being overweight, and being stressed out all the time can all hurt the health of sperm.
Environmental factors: Some toxins in the environment, like herbicides, industrial chemicals, heavy metals (like lead and cadmium), and radiation, can make it harder for sperm to form and work.
Medication and treatments: Some medications, like cancer drugs, some antibiotics, and hormone therapy, can affect the amount and quality of sperm. Radiation treatment that is focused on the pelvic area can also hurt the testicles. Chronic medical conditions like diabetes, autoimmune disorders, kidney disease, and liver disease can all lead to a low sperm count and sperm that doesn’t look right.

4.1 Lifestyle Changes for Improving Sperm Count:

lifestyle changes for increasing semen count

lifestyle changes for increasing semen count

Maintain a healthy weight: obesity has been linked to reduced sperm quantity and quality. Maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and a balanced diet can help improve sperm count.
Quit smoking: Smoking is linked with lower sperm counts and mobility. Quitting smoking can have a good effect on sperm health.
Limit alcohol intake: Excessive alcohol usage can affect sperm development. It’s recommended to reduce or eliminate alcohol intake to improve sperm count.
Manage stress: Chronic stress can interfere with endocrine balance and sperm production. Engaging in stress-reducing activities such as exercise, meditation, and calming methods can be helpful.
Avoid burning the testicles: High temperatures can negatively affect sperm output. Avoid hot tubs, saunas, tight underwear, and heavy use of computers on the lap.
Exercise regularly: Regular exercise has been linked to better sperm quantity and quality. Aim for mild physical exercise for at least 30 minutes most days of the week.
Get enough sleep: Inadequate sleep can upset chemical balance and affect sperm production. Aim for 7-8 hours of decent sleep per night.

4.2 Nutrition and Diet Tips for Boosting Sperm Count:

Eat a varied diet: consume a range of fruits, veggies, whole grains, lean meats, and healthy fats. A well-balanced diet offers important nutrients for sperm production.
Include antioxidants: antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, selenium, and zinc, can help protect sperm from damage. Foods rich in antioxidants include berries, citrus fruits, leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and fish.
Increase omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are good for sperm health. Include sources like fatty fish (salmon and mackerel), walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds in your diet.
Consume high-quality protein: Adequate protein intake is important for sperm development. Choose lean types of protein such as chicken, fish, eggs, and beans.
Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to maintain proper hydration, which is important for sperm production.
Limit processed foods and trans fats: Processed foods and those high in trans fats can have a bad effect on sperm health. Limit the intake of fried foods, fast food, sweet snacks, and processed meats.

4.3 Herbal Remedies and Supplements for Male Fertility:

Ashwagandha: This herb has been widely used to improve male libido. It may help boost sperm count, mobility, and testosterone levels.
Maca root: Maca root is thought to boost libido and improve sexual function in guys. It may help improve sperm count and movement.
Tribulus terrestris: This herb has been used to boost male libido. It may improve sperm quantity and quality.
Zinc supplements: Zinc is an important mineral for sperm production. Taking zinc tablets or eating foods rich in zinc, such as clams, beef, and pumpkin seeds, may help sperm health.
Coenzyme Q10: This antioxidant has been suggested to improve sperm movement and quality.

Medical Interventions for Low Sperm Count

5.1 Drugs and hormone replacement therapy:

To treat a low sperm count, a doctor may recommend one or more of a number of drugs or chemical treatments. These things are:

Clomiphene citrate: This medicine can make more of the chemicals that cause the testicles to make more sperm.
Gonadotropins are chemicals that are injected and directly cause the testicles to make sperm. They can be used with other medicines to help a woman get pregnant.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG): hCG can be used to increase the production of testosterone, which can then help make more sperm.
Antioxidant supplements: Some antioxidants, like vitamin E, vitamin C, and coenzyme Q10, can help lower oxidative stress and improve the quality of sperm.

It’s important to remember that the success of these medicines and hormonal treatments depends on what’s causing the low sperm count in the first place and that they should only be taken with the help of a doctor.

5.2 Techniques to help get pregnant (ART):

Assisted reproductive methods may be used if medicines and hormonal treatments don’t work well enough or if there are other problems with fertility. Among these methods are:

Intrauterine insemination (IUI): In IUI, carefully prepared sperm is put straight into the uterus during the woman’s fertile window. This increases the chance that the sperm will fertilise the egg.
In vitro fertilization (IVF): IVF involves the fertilization of eggs with sperm outside the body, in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the woman’s uterus.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a method of fertilisation in which a single sperm is put straight into an egg. It is often used along with IVF when a man’s fertility problems are very bad.

Fertility doctors do these procedures, which can help couples who are having trouble getting pregnant because of a low sperm count or other issues.

5.3 Meeting with Experts in Fertility:

If you and your partner are having trouble getting pregnant because of a low sperm count, it is best to talk to a fertility expert. These experts know how to diagnose and treat male infertility, and they can give you personalised advice based on your unique case.

During the meeting, the fertility expert may do a complete evaluation that includes a physical check, a review of the patient’s medical history, and maybe even more tests to find out what’s causing the low sperm count. Based on what they find, they can suggest the right measures, such as changes to a person’s lifestyle or fertility medicines, to increase the chances of getting pregnant.

Lifestyle Factors and Sperm Count

6.1 Impact of Age, Smoking, and Alcohol on Sperm Count:

6.1.1 Age: As men age, there is a normal drop in sperm amount and quality. Sperm output may decline, and the genetic purity of sperm may be weakened, raising the chance of genetic problems in children. However, it’s important to note that men can still father children even at an older age.

6.1.2 Smoking: Smoking tobacco has been linked with a lower sperm count, lowered sperm movement, and abnormal sperm shape. Smoking can also lead to DNA damage in sperm, which can affect fertility and increase the risk of birth problems. Quitting smoking can help improve sperm health.

6.1.3 Alcohol: Excessive alcohol intake can have a bad effect on sperm count, movement, and shape. It can also affect hormone production and lead to toxic stress, which can harm sperm. It’s suggested to reduce or remove alcohol intake to improve sperm health.

6.2 Environmental Factors and Occupational Hazards:

6.2.1 Toxins and Chemical Exposure: Exposure to natural toxins, such as herbicides, heavy metals (e.g., lead, cadmium), industrial chemicals, and certain medicines, can affect sperm output and quality. Occupational dangers, such as exposure to poisons, radiation, heat, or heavy metals in certain fields, can also have a negative effect on sperm health. Minimising contact with these chemicals and following safety rules in the workplace are important for maintaining sperm health.

6.2.2 Heat Exposure: Prolonged exposure of the testicles to high temperatures can hinder sperm production. Activities like frequent hot baths, saunas, or wearing tight underwear can raise the temperature of the testicles. It’s suggested to avoid extreme heat on the testicles to maintain optimal sperm health.

6.3 Stress Management and its Influence on Male Fertility:

6.3.1 Chronic Stress: High amounts of chronic stress can upset the biochemical balance in the body, including the production of testosterone and sperm. Stress can also affect sexual performance and lower drive. Chronic worry may lead to decreased sperm output and quality. Employing stress management methods, such as regular exercise, mindfulness meditation, adequate sleep, and getting support, can help lower stress levels and possibly improve pregnancy results.

6.3.2 Psychological Factors: Psychological factors, such as worry and sadness, can indirectly impact male fertility by changing sexual function, desire, and general well-being. Addressing psychological well-being and getting suitable help and therapy when needed can lead to better pregnancy results.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Sperm Count

7.1 Common Queries and Expert Answers about Sperm Count:

Q1: What is called a low sperm count?
A1: A low sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is usually described as having fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen. However, it’s important to note that sperm amount alone is not the only factor in determining pregnancy, as sperm quality and movement are also vital.

Q2: Can lifestyle changes improve sperm count?
A2: Yes, certain lifestyle changes can help improve sperm count. Maintaining a healthy weight, stopping smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, controlling stress, and avoiding extreme heat exposure to the testicles can have a positive effect on sperm quantity and quality.

Q3: How long does it take for the sperm count to improve?
A3: It can take about two to three months for changes in lifestyle and behaviour to affect sperm count. Sperm production is a constant process, and it takes approximately 64 to 72 days for sperm to develop. Therefore, consistency in choosing better habits is important to see changes in sperm count.

Q4: Can medicine boost sperm count?
A4: Yes, in some cases, medicines and chemical treatments can be given to boost sperm count. These treatments are typically recommended by healthcare workers or fertility experts based on an individual’s specific needs and underlying reasons for low sperm counts.

7.2 Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions about Sperm Count:

Myth 1: Wearing tight underwear causes a low sperm count.
Fact: Wearing tight underwear may lead to higher scrotal warmth, which can affect sperm output. However, the effect on sperm count is usually temporary, and wearing loose-fitting underwear alone is unlikely to greatly improve sperm count.

Myth 2: Masturbation lowers sperm counts.
Fact: Masturbation does not lower sperm counts. In fact, regular ejaculation, whether through sexual contact or masturbation, can help maintain healthy sperm production by avoiding the buildup of older, less motile sperm.

Myth 3: Infertility is always the man’s fault if there is a low sperm count.
Fact: Infertility can have different reasons, and it is not solely a man’s duty. Both male and female factors can contribute to pregnancy problems. It is important for both partners to receive pregnancy tests to discover the root causes and build a thorough treatment plan.

Myth 4: A low sperm count means you cannot father a child.
Fact: While a low sperm count can make conception more difficult, it does not mean that fathering a child is impossible. There are fertility medicines and assisted reproductive methods available that can help couples with low sperm counts achieve pregnancy.

It’s important to rely on correct information and speak with healthcare professionals or fertility experts for specific advice and help regarding sperm count and pregnancy issues.


8.1 Summary of Main Points:

Low sperm counts and abnormalities can be caused by a number of things, such as a varicocele, chemical changes, infections, testicular injuries, lifestyle choices, the environment, and some medicines or medical conditions.
Changing how you live has a big effect on how many and how well your sperm work. Keeping a healthy weight, quitting smoking, drinking less alcohol, dealing with stress, keeping the testicles away from heat, and eating a balanced diet with enough vitamins and nutrients are all good ideas.
Health care workers may recommend medications and chemical treatments to treat low sperm counts, but how well they work depends on what’s causing them.
Assisted reproductive methods like intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can help couples who are having trouble getting pregnant or have low sperm counts.
Fertility experts can give personalised evaluations, advice, and medications that are made to fit the wants of each person.

8.2 Giving men the tools they need to improve their fertility and sperm count:

Men can take steps to improve their sperm count and their ability to have children. They can make changes to their lives, like keeping a healthy weight, giving up smoking, drinking less booze, dealing with stress, and eating a balanced diet.
Low sperm counts can have many causes, so it’s important to see a doctor or fertility expert as soon as possible to find out what they are and how to fix them.
It is very important for men to learn about their fertility and the things that can affect their sperm count. Men can make better decisions about their sexual health if they know the truth about common myths and misunderstandings.
Open conversations and support systems can help get rid of the shame and give guys a safe place to get help, talk about their worries, and look into their childbearing choices.
Couples should think of fertility as a shared duty and be aware that both male and female factors can make it hard to get pregnant. With help and advice from health care workers, they can get through the process of becoming parents as a couple.

How can you improve male infertility? Here we give you best tips…

Are you and your partner experiencing fertility issues? Do you know you are not alone?

More than 6 million people have trouble conceiving each year, and that number continues to rise. In general, Infertility affects individuals of every age, sex, and income level. But men are experiencing infertility, usually caused by Brno, al sperm production or low sperm count. But do not worry about your infertility. Here we shares fertility tips for men and food to eat in case of male infertility or to improve their conception odds.

What does male infertility mean?

The condition of infertility affects the reproductive system. It makes a person unable to have a child. Infertility affects both a woman and a man. A man’s reproductive system isn’t working properly when he has male infertility. It implies that you are unable to become pregnant with your female spouse.

Male infertility: How prevalent is it?

Over five million couples in the US struggle with infertility, making it a widespread issue. Six out of every ten teams attempting to get pregnant have infertility. Male factors contribute to or are the leading cause in half of all occurrences of infertility. In the United States, this translates to roughly 10% of all males trying to get pregnant experiencing some difficulty.

Signs of Infertility in Men

Male infertility is mainly characterized by the inability to conceive a child. There may be no other apparent symptoms or warning signs.

However, in some instances, the signs and symptoms are brought on by a deeper problem, such as an inherited illness, a hormonal imbalance, dilated veins near the testicle, or a condition that inhibits sperm from flowing through. Issues with sexual function, such as-

  • Difficulty ejaculating or ejaculating only a tiny amount of fluid, diminished sexual desire, or problems maintaining an erection, are visible symptoms and indicators (erectile dysfunction).
  • Experiencing pain, edoema, or a lump close to the testicles
  • Recurring respiratory problems.
  • Having no sense of smell.
  • Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia).
  • Body or facial hair loss, or another chromosomal or hormonal anomaly.

Tips to improve Male Fertility

  1. Get ample rest and exercise.

The best exercises for preserving a healthy lifestyle and increasing fertility involve weight resistance or cardiovascular activity. However, if exercises irritate the prostate, reduce testosterone production, and put physical strain on the body should be done in moderation, such as triathlons and competitive cycling.

In the study, 45 men with obesity and sedentary lifestyles saw increased sperm motility and count with regular exercise.

  1. Quit smoking

A meta-analysis that reviewed the results of over 20 studies with nearly 6 thousand participants found that smoking consistently reduced sperm count. Researchers found that men who took heavy amounts of tobacco or smoked moderately had lower sperm quality than others who smoked less.

  1. Eat More Foods With Folate

Not only are pregnant women in need of folic acid, but so are their spouses. According to a University of California, Berkeley study, individuals with decreased dietary folic acid intake had a higher incidence of defective chromosomes in their sperm. The fertilization of an egg by sperm with faulty chromosomes may cause miscarriage or birth abnormalities. (Moreover, chromosome abnormalities in the embryo are to blame for more than half of miscarriages in the first trimester.)

 How can you then include folic acid in your diet? Supplements are an option, but your best bet is to eat more folate foods, such as beans, leafy green vegetables, whole grains, citrus fruits, cereals, bread, and pasta fortified with the vitamin.

  1. Take D-aspartic acid supplements

A dietary supplement is a d-aspartic acid. It should not be confused with L-aspartic acid, which is much more common than D-AA and helps build many different proteins.

According to the available research, D-AA supplements may increase fertility in men with low testosterone levels. Still, they rarely provide any further advantages in those with normal to high levels. The possible long-term dangers and benefits of D-AA supplementation in people require further study.

  1. Limit the consumption of soy and estrogen-rich foods

Some food contains plant estrogen. Soy products can reduce testosterone bonding and sperm production. Many plastic and canned products are high in synthetic forms of estrogen. After exposure, Bisphenol A binds to estrogen receptors in the body and may also impact male infertility.

  1. Get enough vitamin C

Vitamin C helps to boost the immune system, and it also helps to improve your fertility. Vitamin C has some evidence indicating that taking antioxidant supplements. Oxidative stress occurs when quantities of (ROS) reactive oxygen species in your body rise to unhealthy levels.

Antioxidants like vitamin C are among the foods that have been scientifically shown to have an impact on the health of your sperm. A class of micronutrients known as antioxidants shield your body’s cells, including sperm cells, from the harm that free radicals can do. 

  1. Avoid certain prescription medications

Some pharmaceutical drugs can decrease the production of healthy sperm. Males should experience an increase or return to average sperm counts, if they stop using the medicine.

Medications that could momentarily reduce sperm development and production include:

  • Methadone
  • Some antibiotics
  • Anti-androgens
  • Anti-inflammatories
  • Antipsychotics, opiates, antidepressants, and anabolic steroids can all harm sperm count that can last up to a year after the drug is stopped.
  • Additional or exogenous testosterone

If men suspect a medicine they are taking may be lowering their sperm count or impacting their fertility, they should visit a healthcare professional.

  1. Eat more antioxidant-rich foods

Antioxidants are chemicals that assist in neutralizing substances known as free radicals, which damage cells.

Researchers found that the following antioxidants may help maintain a healthy sperm count:

  • Lutein
  • Vitamin C
  • Beta-carotene
  • Beta-cryptoxanthin 
  1. Take ashwagandha

Indian ginseng, also known as ashwagandha. It has long been used in traditional medicine as a treatment for several types of sexual dysfunction.

According to a study, 46 men with low sperm counts who took 675 milligrams of ashwagandha daily for 90 days showed a 167% increase in their sperm count.

  1. Take fenugreek supplements

An excellent male fertility supplement may also be fenugreek. After three months of treatment, fenugreek may boost free testosterone levels by up to 46%. This increases libido and helps sperm characteristics, including count and shape.

This herb, frequently found in kitchens, has powerful medical effects and is used in many supplements for male fertility. Hormone reproductive and regulation health have been demonstrated to be significantly impacted by fenugreek seed extracts.

Tips- Foods to improve sperm count

Considering a fertility diet for men and women is critical because approximately 40% of infertility problems are directly related to male factors. Also, food is one of several things that might affect a male’s low sperm count, aberrant sperm appearance, and poor sperm mobility. Many diets may increase sperm count and motility in addition to regular exercise and abstaining from tobacco products.

If you consume a good quality food, this may help you with good sperm quality. There are various foods that are strong in sperm-friendly nutrients, such as vitamin C, antioxidants, and polyunsaturated fats, maybe the best strategy to boost sperm count.

How can you cure or treat male infertility?

If you have extremely low sperm counts and possess a few of additional health issues or concerns, your doctor may prescribe your the relatable medications.

The following medicines are occasionally prescribed by doctors to treat a low sperm count:

  • Serophene oral, even though female infertility is more prevalent.
  • RFF Gonal-F If a urinary or reproductive tract infection results in a low sperm count, redi-ject (follitropin alfa or gonal-F) antibiotics should be used.
  • chorionic gonadotropin in humans (Choragon or Pregnyl)
  • Exogenous androgens letrozole or anastrozole

Moreover, if there is some serious problem, your doctor may suggest you the methods for surgical sperm retrieval.


In conclusion, One thing you may do is concentrate on enhancing your general health if you are experiencing reproductive problems. A healthy lifestyle includes several of the suggestions mentioned above as suggestions are essential elements. Although there is no sure cure, above-mentioned lifestyle suggestions may be beneficial if vitamin shortages or low testosterone levels are significant issues. Most evidence supports using dietary modifications, lifestyle changes, and natural treatments to assist a man in managing and increasing a low sperm count. This may help you with improvement in male infertility and its diagnosis. 


What is the possibility of getting healthy sperm after surgical sperm retrieval?

If a man is unable to produce sperm during ejaculation or in semen, surgical sperm retrieval is the primary method used by the doctor.

Infertility is known as “the strength of your reproductive organs, how fertile they are, how generative they are to help you with conceiving,”. It means that to proceed with any ART method, your doctor will analyze the fertility of both males & females and their capabilities to conceive through natural processes. The factor affects both males & females equally. Females may have specific fertility issues like egg production & incapabilities, uterus incapabilities to uphold the embryo, etc. Similarly, males may also have infertility issues like a decline in the formation of sperm or no sperm production.

Here at Vinsfertility Pvt Ltd, we help you with surgical sperm retrieval while working closely with the team of expert doctors. The procedure coincides with the egg collection from the female partner’s body and later receiving IVF or IUI for better results.

What could be the reasons for sperm retrieval in men?

Sperm retrieval is the only solution for males when pregnancy is the goal, and men who intend to have this result have little or no sperm in semen or ejaculation. In such a case, the doctor may suggest you collect sperm from other reproductive parts or tracts. For the best results, sperm retrieval is used with IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) and ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection).

If the intended parents are unable to conceive naturally for almost a year or two and have gone through other methods like IVF; in that case, analyzing sperm quality is the only solution.

Your urologist will analyze your semen under a microscope. And if it shows that there is no sperm in the semen (“azoospermia”), then surgical sperm retrieval may be needed.

What is the procedure of surgical sperm retrieval?

There are six different types of surgical sperm retrieval, and all work differently.

PESA (percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration)

The procedure is the least invasive and the simplest of all. Here, the doctor collects the sperm through a fine needle and directly from the epididymis- the connecting tube forming testicles. The doctor may follow the procedure while sedating you with general or local anesthesia. Your urologist may try NAB (needle aspiration biopsy) if the procedure doesn’t work.

TESE (testicular sperm extraction)

This procedure is the proxy of other methods where PESA and NAB fail. This one is an invasive procedure where the doctor takes out biopsies of the particular area of testes. The doctor may extract the testicular tissue while examining the content under a microscope. Using a small amount or number of sperm is enough to give hope for the child.

Micro-dissection TESE

This one is the new technique and is slowly replacing the other technique, TESE. This is optimal when men with no sperm in their semen approach doctors or urologists. This procedure is very similar to TESE, but here in this process, the doctor uses micro-dissecting.

TESA (testicular sperm aspiration)

Here, the doctor will help you with the insertion of a needle into the testicles using a biopsy ‘gun.’ After that, the sample of sperm and tissue is obtained using gentle suction. With the careful use of the microscope, the doctor may dissect the reproductive part, and like any other technique, they may store the sperm or culture them for future use, like for the IVF cycle.

Percutaneous biopsy

The procedure is similar to TESA, but a different needle or tool is used here. Sometimes, the process is known as a fine needle biopsy, where the doctor extracts or retrieves testicular tissues to fragment many sperms.

MESA (Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration)

This process requires general anesthesia and a microscope. When the other procedures fail, and any other method is not applicable to correct any obstruction; then your doctor may proceed with this. The procedure gives you an almost 70% success rate.

Does the procedure of surgical sperm retrieval produce any harm to the male testis?

If you cannot conceive and think that you may have some issues, there can be Azoospermia- the infertility cause in many men’s lives. Azoospermia is a condition where the testes of males develop blockages and doesn’t allow sperm to pass even during ejaculation or in semen. Surgical Sperm Retrieval is the process that a doctor follows when the intended man chooses to become a father after having infertility issues like Hyperspermia, and others.

  • Although the procedures are safe and secure, the side effects are rare. Once the doctor confirms that you have semen problems, the doctor may proceed with the surgical processes one-by-one. You may expect slight bleeding and infections.
  • A few men suffer because of a drop in their testosterone following surgical sperm retrieval. This can become a source of issues for sexual functions, muscle weakness, anxiety, and sleep.
  • If you or anyone you know suffers from all these problems, you may seek help from your nearest urologist.

What are the benefits of sperm removal in men?

Surgical Sperm Retrieval consists of various surgical & nonsurgical procedures. The doctor cannot directly jump over one method to help you. They will have to test one way and its effect and go step-by-step. This may take time, but compared to other fertility procedures, the process helps to check the male infertility, efficiency of the male’s sperm and fertility level. It gives a lot of additional information about the trial & error methods.

  • High success rates
  • The procedure is relatively painless.
  • Men with vasectomies can utilize the sperm retrieval method to have more kids.

How healthy is your sperm after sperm retrieval?

Having no sperm in semen or during ejaculation is known as Azoospermia. This is the kind of disease that is prevalent in more than 10% of infertile men. Among these, Nonobstructive Azoospermia (NOA) is the major cause for testicular failure. Impaired sperm production & testicular failure represent 60% of these cases.

Since reproductive and fertility alternatives are trial-and-error methods, doctors cannot tell you whether you will be able to conceive or not without understanding the formation of embryos with successful results. Even in the cases of IVF, the doctors require to retrieve 10-20 eggs at one time. This may require a cycle of injections, medicines, and trips to the laboratory.

Also, since the motive of sperm retrieval is to conceive, the urologist may coordinate with your male partner so that they can retrieve the fresh sperm & can later freeze them as per the need. When you choose to use IVF to conceive, the doctor may proceed with surgical retrieval to receive or retrieve the sperms and inject them directly into the egg of the female partner, and this process is known intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

How much does surgical sperm retrieval cost in India?

Although the cost may vary as per the various factors, particular data or cost limitations exist. Depending on the case’s complexity, the hospital may charge you for the preparation and the whole surgical procedure. Moreover, the cost for surgical sperm retrieval may begin from a minimum of ₹ 20,000.


Vinsfertility is one of the largest fertility centers, offering round-the-clock medical, fertility, comprehensive, and essential treatment under one roof. The medical team serves you with fine tools, technologies, cutting-edge facilities, the best infrastructures, and a couple of highly skilled doctors. The experienced medical staff of surgeons, doctors, urologists, and gynecologists help to have adequate surgical sperm retrieval and various other conceiving alternatives.


Why should you worry about male infertility?

Any health condition in a guy that makes it more difficult for his female spouse to conceive is considered infertility in males. Around 13 out of 100 couples can not get pregnant with unprotected sexual intercourse. There are multiple reasons for male infertility and among the various facts, one is that- over a third of infertility cases, the challenge is with the man. This is most usually due to challenges with sperm production or with sperm release.

What Happens Under Normal Conditions?

The man’s body makes tiny cells called sperm. During intercourse, ejaculation typically delivers sperm into the woman’s body.

If you worry about your fertility, you must get a thorough check of your hormonal levels. Sperm and male sex hormone (testosterone) are formed in the 2 testicles. The testicles are present in the scrotum, a sac of skin hanging right below the penis.

The sperm left the epididymis and entered a different pair of tubes just before ejaculation. These tubes are called the vas deferens. From the epididymis, each vas deferens travels to the bladder’s back in the pelvis. Each vas deferens joins the ejaculatory tube from the seminal vesicle. The sperm combines with the seminal vesicle and prostate fluid as you ejaculate. This forms semen. The semen also travels through the urethra and out of the penis.

The body’s ability to produce and deliver a regular quantity of sperm is essential for male fertility. The sperm goes into the female’s vagina. The sperm journey through her cervix into her uterus to her fallopian tubes. There, fertilization happens when the sperm meets the egg.

What are the causes of male infertility?

Problems can prevent sperm cells from developing. There may be chances that the sperm may get obstacles to swim and reach the egg in a female partner.Even the scrotum’s warmth can impact fertility. Infertility in males is primarily the cause of these following factors:

  • Issues with sperm
  • Varicoceles
  • Retrograde Ejaculation
  • Biological Infertility
  • Obstruction
  • Hormones
  • Medication
  • Issues With Sperm

The most frequent issues are sperm production and development. Sperm could:

  • Not fully develop
  • Be a strange shape
  • Not proceed correctly
  • Manufactured in relatively small quantities (oligospermia)
  • No sperm production at all (azoospermia)

Problems with sperm might result from genetic characteristics. A change in lifestyle may lead to the poor quality of sperms and their quality. Moreover, the specific habits like drug inhaling, smoking, drinking, etc affects your fertility rate. Other factors that contribute to low sperm counts include chronic illnesses including kidney failure, childhood infections like measles, and chromosomal or hormonal issues (such as low testosterone).

Low or no sperm production can also be the reason for damage to the male reproductive system. A blockage in sperm floating quality may happen to at least 4 out of every 10 men who may have been further suffering from azoospermia, or absolute lack of sperm. A blockage in the floating of sperm can also be the cause of any kind of illness or congenital problems.

  • Varicoceles

16 out of 100 guys, they are present with varicoceles issues. They affect more infertile guys than other males (40 out of 100). By obstructing appropriate blood drainage, they damage sperm development. Blood from your belly may be redirected into your scrotum because of varicoceles. The testicles become too heated to produce sperm at that point. Low levels of sperm may result from this.

  • Retrograde Ejaculation

When semen travels backwards in the body, it results in retrograde ejaculation. Rather than exiting through the penis, they enter your bladder. When you experience an orgasm, your bladder’s nerves and muscles fail to contract (climax). Normal sperm may be present in the semen, but when the semen is not of good quantity, the sperms cannot reach the vaginal portion of women.

  • Immunologic Infertility in males

Exactly how antibodies reduce fertility is still unknown. We are aware that they can hinder a sperm’s ability to reach the fallopian tube and enter an egg.

  • Obstruction

Blockage or any kind of obstruction can occur because of recurrent infections, surgery (such as a vasectomy), oedema, or developmental flaws.

  • Hormones

If there is poor sperm development, it may result in the poor circulation of the male hormonal content.

  • Chromosomes

When the fertilization takes place, half of the DNA carriers are sperms. Therefore, if there is any kind of chromosomal change with respect of quality & quantity, it can adversely affect the sperm quality.

  • Medication

Certain drugs may alter sperm function, generation, and delivery. To fight issues, your doctor may prescribe you certain drugs. These issues may include:

  • Arthritis.
  • Depression.
  • Digestion Issues.
  • Anxiety Or Depression.
  • Infections.
  • Blood Pressure.
  • Cancer.

Diagnosis for Male Infertility

Male fertility problems might be difficult to diagnose. Most often, sperm delivery or production issues can be the reason for such infertility issues in men. A thorough history and physical exam are the first steps in the diagnosis. Blood tests and testing on the semen may also be asked for by your healthcare practitioner.

  • Semen Analysis

An everyday lab test is examining semen. The test helps to determine the volume of sperm production and let the doctor help you with your complete sperm quality testing. Sperm analysis refers to the examination of the semen or the sperms, detecting whether sperm are in good condition (e.g., are moving, or having the perfect sperm motility). If the test results show aberrant sperm counts, your doctor or healthcare provider may suggest you perform the second test. You may have to put your reproductive organ into a sterile cup to collect sperm. A sample of semen will help to cross-check the quality of sperms.

  • Transrectal Sonography

Transrectal ultrasonography can be done with the help of ultrasound using the sound waves reflecting the complete physical analysis of the organ. The examination may also include the insertion of a probe into the rectus.

  • Sexual Biopsy

This test is essential when there are chances of no or few sperms in the semen of the man. Both general and local anaesthesia is acceptable for this test. The scrotum has a little cut in it. This is an in-office procedure where you will have to visit the clinic, where the procedure may include the insertion of a probe through the numbed scrotal skin. Here, the biopsy is used by the doctor which further possesses two uses. One is that it helps to collect the sperm and understand the quality and the second is that it helps to determine the causes of infertility issues in men.

  • Hormonal Profile

Your doctor or healthcare provider may also prescribe you a complete check of your hormonal profile. To find out how successfully your testicles produce sperm. High levels could indicate that your testicles are refusing to produce sperm despite your pituitary gland’s best efforts.

Conclusion- How infertility in males can be treated?

Treatment for male infertility depends on causes, and the reasons for infertility. This treatment may require drugs and surgery to retrieve the sperms or overcome the issues of sperm floatment. This would enable conception via regular sex. There are a few considerable therapies and these therapies are of three types:

  • Treatment for Male Infertility Without Surgery.
  • Surgery to Treat infertility in males.
  • Treatment for Male Infertility from Unknown Causes.

Most of the time, outpatient surgery can treat male infertility. Such infertility treatments are performed while sedated by IV or general anaesthesia. Although postoperative discomfort is often minor, recovery and follow-up can differ. Your healthcare professional may help you with a physical examination following varicocele repair. Since they are simply blocked off during surgery to stop unnatural blood flow, the veins often remain swollen. Every three months for at least a year, or until pregnancy, menstrual samples should be analyzed. Ask your doctor about ARTs if your varicocele reappears or if you continue to have difficulty getting pregnant.

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