In Vitro fertilisation is a process where a woman’s egg is fertilised outside her body then place back inside her body to help her get pregnant.
“A women reproductive system includes the Vagina, Cervix, Uterus, Fallopian tubes and ovaries. During the monthly menstrual cycle, one of the ovaries releases an egg in a process called ovulation. After Ovulation the eggs enter the fallopian tube. A woman is most like to become pregnant if she has sex in the days just before or during right after ovulation. During this time a sperm cell from a man’s reproductive fluid called semen can fertilise the egg just inside the fallopian tube. As it travels along the fallopian tube the fertilised egg now called as embryo loses the outer cell that nourished it in the ovaries. The Embryo passes from the fallopian tube into the uterus. In the uterus, the embryo sheds the protective outer layer called the Zona Pellicida in a process called Zona hatching. Zona hatching is necessary for the embryo to implant in the tissue lining of the uterus. During implantation, a connection between women and the embryo begins to grow. This organ called the placenta allows the oxygen and nutrients to pass from her to the embryo”
In Vitro fertilisation may be performed if a woman has been trouble in getting pregnant a condition known as infertility or it may be done if a woman wants to have a child without a male partner.
Fertility Medication: Before In Vitro fertilisation a woman will receive fertility medication that causes more than one egg to grow and mature in the ovaries.
Semen Sample: A man will provide the semen sample so that the healthiest sperm can be collected for fertilisation.
Donor sperm: If the male partner is completely infertile also known as sterile or the woman doesn’t have a male partner a donor may be arranged to provide sperm for this process.
In Vitro fertilisation consists of three main procedures:
Follicle aspiration: During the first procedure called follicle aspiration eggs will be harvested from the ovaries. At the beginning of this procedure, an ultrasound probe will be inserted into the woman’s vagina so that her doctor can view her ovaries. Inside the ovaries, the doctor will look for follicles. Each follicle is a fluid-filled sac that contains an egg. Then a doctor will insert a long thin needle into and the through the wall of her vagina and guide ith to the ovary. A suction device connected with the needle will collect severals eggs from inside these follicles.
Fertilisation: In this process, the collected eggs will be taken immediately to the laboratory, where they will be fertilised. Fertilisation may be performed by insemination where several sperm are mixed with the healthiest eggs or eggs may be fertilised by inserting the sperm directly into them into the process called ICSI ( Intracytoplasmic sperm injection ). The fertilised egg also called embryo will be monitored for three to five days as they began to grow. At this time the lab may create a hole in Zona Pellucida surrounding some of the embryos this process called assisted hatching will help this embryo to implant in the uterus. Some of the embryos will be used right away for embryo transfer and the rest will be frozen and stored for future use if necessary.
Embryo transfer: It is done three to five days after fertilisation. During embryo transfer, a tool called speculum will be inserted into the women’s vagina so that the doctor can see her cervix. A syringe will be loaded with fluid containing one or more of the hatched embryo then the syringe will be attached to a long thin tube called a catheter. The doctor will insert the catheter into the vagina through the cervix and into the uterus. Once inside the uterus, the doctor will inject the embryos. Then the catheter and speculum will be removed. The women may continue to lie on her back for about fifteen minutes.
After Embryo transfer Your motherhood journey will begin.
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