Category Archive Cosmetic Surgery

Best Surrogate Mother Agency in Kolkata| Surrogate Mother Cost in Kolkata

Payment Schedule of Surrogate Mother (Payment is Non-Refundable)
INR 10,00,000/-
Advance INR 50,000/-
At the time of Agreement INR 70,000/-
At the time of ET INR 1,00,000/-
At the of time Positive Heartbeat INR 2,50,000/-
At 12th week INR 2,00,000/-
At 6th week INR 2,00,000/-
At the time of delivery INR 1,30,000/-
Extra Compensation
For the preparation of surrogate’s uterus and till heartbeat- medicine, scan and lab test, and travelling at the time of ET with the coordinator and Husband (if required) As per the actual prices
LSCS INR 1,00,000/-
Twins INR 2,00,000/-
In case if 1st attempt fails, then for 2nd and 3rd Attempt (Till ET)-
Restarting with Same Surrogate INR 50,000/-
Restarting with New Surrogate INR 50,000/-
Surrogate Mother, Agent, Sub- Agent, Coordinator, Agency, Surrogacy Agreement, Documents and Fooding and Stay at Surrogate home.
IVF, Egg Donor, In case if Anything in the Treatment is OUT of Vinsfertility Surrogate Agency, like- Medicine, Investigation, traveling, Scanning, USG, OPD, IPD, ICU, NICU, Delivery, LSCS, etc.

Most people dream about having a baby at least one point in their lives. However, some people are unable to fulfill this dream due to infertility. And like any other loss, the loss due to Infertility is grieved. But, thanks to the technical advances in the world, you can still bring your own baby into the family. Assisted Reproductive Techniques have made it possible now, these include- IVF, Surrogacy, ICSI and many more.

What is Surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a way of having a biological baby through commitment, dedicated and unwavering love. It is an arrangement between the intended parents and the surrogate mother, in which the surrogate mother carries the baby for 9 months in her womb for a couple who is unable to conceive and then gives them the baby once it is born.

However, there’s still some controversy about using a surrogate mother to have a baby. The legal process is also very tricky and varies from state to state. Even though surrogacy is a burning issue in India, our country is one of the top world destinations for surrogacy. Hence, surrogacy is always an option for you if you are facing fertility issues or have other reasons. This is because India has one of the best surrogacy agencies in the world, which provide the treatment at affordable prices with the highest success rates. Find out how it works and see if it’s right for you.

Most common type of Surrogacy-

Gestational Surrogacy is one of the most common types of surrogacy. It makes sures that your child will not be biologically related to the surrogate mother, also known as the gestational carrier. It involves the use of IVF, a treatment in which the eggs and sperm of the intended parents or donors are used to make the embryo, which is then transferred to the womb of the surrogate mother.

Why is Gestational Surrogacy becoming more common these days?

Gestational Surrogacy is becoming more popular these days, as it does not allow the baby to have any genetic ties with the surrogate mother as their egg is not used to make the embryo.

Who Uses Surrogacy to Have a baby?

There are numerous reasons due to which someone might consider having a surrogacy, they are-

  • Medical reasons like problems with the uterus, a hysterectomy in the past, or a severe heart condition which makes the intended mother unable to carry the baby herself.
  • Failure(s) in IVF treatment or other assisted reproductive techniques is also one reason why someone might think about surrogacy.
  • Age plays a pivotal role in conception, in most cases women above the age of 37-38 find it hard to conceive. And even if they can get pregnant at this age, most prefer to go for surrogacy to avoid any chances of birth defects in the baby, as the quality of eggs deteriorate with age.
  • Surrogacy is also an option for same sex couples, or single people,who wish to have a baby.

Surrogacy for Gay Men 

If a gay couple decides to have a baby via surrogacy, they can use a traditional surrogate, in which one of them uses their sperm to fertilize the surrogate’s egg through artificial insemination. The surrogate then carries the baby and gives birth.

A gay couple might also choose an egg donor, fertilize that donated egg, and then have the embryo implanted in a gestational surrogate to carry until birth.

How to Choose a Surrogate?

This is a big concern of intended parents, because they want to ensure that the surrogate who will carry their baby will be healthy, so that their baby is in safe hands. Vinsfertility ensures that the surrogate is properly screened before being chosen for surrogacy. They have to be-

  • Physically healthy
  • Above the age of 25
  • No disease
  • No surgical or medical history
  • Healthy uterus with normal shape and size
  • Must already have children of her own

Vinsfertility Surrogate Agency in Kolkata

Vinsfertility is leading and one of the few agencies, which provides surrogates to intended parents if they decide to go on with the surrogacy process. We make sure that all your requirements are met to make the surrogacy proceeds as smoothly as possible.

The surrogates in Vinsfertility are chosen from near Kolkata itself and are proper taken care of. Our surrogate supporting staff assists the surrogate mothers and considers them as a part of the family. Staff at Vinsfertility is solely dedicated to see to the surrogate’s emotional and physical health and their happiness and comfort.

Since surrogacy is not an easy choice, it is natural for you to have some questions before selecting a Surrogate Agency. Vinsfertility Surrogate Agency in Kolkata is here to answer all your questions.

  • Requirements for getting a surrogate mother from the surrogate agency.

There are many requirements, which need to be filled by both- the intended parents and the surrogate. These documents are in addition to the fertility hospital’s requirements.

We at Vinsfertility ensure to walk you through all this with dedication and ensure that you are a good candidate for our surrogate program. Also, these requirements exist primarily to keep all the parties involved safe.

  • How does the agency find the best matched surrogate for you?

Since surrogacy is not easy on the pocket, it is natural for you to have your expectations met. You might have some preferences when it comes to the surrogate mother who will carry your child for 9 months. And the surrogate agency should see to it that your requirements are fulfilled.

Vinsfertility Surrogate Agency properly screens their surrogates and even the intended parents to ensure that both the parties are ready for surrogacy- emotionally, mentally and physically. We respect your wishes for having some conditions while selecting your surrogate mother like- being vegetarian. However, we encourage not to select a surrogate based on her physical appearance as it will have no impact on your baby.

  • What services will they provide to you and the surrogate mother?

Vinsfertility will provide you with all the services necessary for the surrogacy process to sail smoothly. Like- Surrogate screening and matching with the intended parents. We also provide counseling services and coordinate information between all the parties involved to ensure that everyone is kept on track with the updates and more.

Also, it is of our utmost priority to ensure the emotional and physical well being of the surrogates. Apart from this, they are compensated fairly for their services. 

  • How is your legal protection ensured?

To protect the interests of all the parties involved, Vinsfertility Surrogate Agency in Kolkata has a Surrogacy Attorney, who forms a Surrogacy Legal Agreement (cost included). This agreement is signed by the intended parents, the surrogate and the fertility clinic. This agreement protects the interests of all the parties and makes sures that after the birth of the baby, the surrogate mother will have no rights over the baby and will hand it over to the intended parents. The intended parents will be named as the biological parents of the baby on the Birth Certificate.

  • What is the payment procedure for the services you use?

As mentioned above, we have broken down the cost of hiring a surrogate mother from our agency. To make it easier for you, along with the steps of payment, we have mentioned what costs are included and what are not. There is enough time for you to pay without feeling any burden.

  • What is the course of action if something unexpected happens?

Surrogacy is not an easy process, if any complications arise, then do not be surprised or worried. These complications include- ET failure, miscarriage and more. Do not worry, Vinsfertility Surrogate Agency in Kolkata has got you covered. In case of miscarriage or any other issue, we will restart the process with a new surrogate or the same, depending upon your choice.

  • What facilities will the surrogate mother be provided at the surrogate home?

To deliver a healthy baby, it is ensured that the surrogate and the baby are well taken care of in a Covid Free environment. Surrogate home fulfills all the needs of the surrogate mother like- lodging, food including all necessary nutrients like- protein, vitamins, iron and calcium. The surrogate mother is given space and time to rest properly without any stress. She is given the necessary pregnancy drugs and medication and is also called for routine checkups to monitor the growth progress of the baby. There is also a provision of meditation and yoga programs for the surrogate mother.

Guidelines for Selecting a Surrogate

According to the guidelines laid down by ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research), the surrogates should get a medical exam to check that they are likely to have a healthy, full-term pregnancy. They should also get tests that check for infectious diseases such as Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, HIV, Cytomegalovirus, and Hepatitis B and C.

Surrogates should get tests to make sure they have immunity to measles, rubella (German measles), and chickenpox. Also, you may want to ask that they get a medical procedure to visually “map” the uterus, which can help the doctor check their potential to carry a pregnancy.

The cost of surrogacy can range from 10,00,000 INR to 15,00,000 INR. A lot of different things go into the price, such as whether the surrogates have their own medical insurance or whether you need to buy a surrogacy-pregnancy policy for them.

Botox – Procedure, Risk and Treatment

What is Botox?

Botox is an injectable drug, which is used in cosmetic treatments to treat fine lines and wrinkles on the face. It is a type of protein made from Botulinum toxin, a substance produced by the bacterium – Clostridium botulinum, which is usually found in nature like – forests, lakes, soil, and in mammals and fish intestines. Temporary paralysis is caused in the muscle in which the drug is injected. The muscle is unable to contract as all the nerve signals to it get blocked.

What are the uses of Botox?

Botox is a poison, but when used properly and in small doses by doctors, it is very beneficial. Earlier, Botox was only used for medical treatment of problems like- blepharospasm and other eye muscle issues. However, later it was approved to be used for cosmetic treatments and other problems as stated below.

Cosmetic Treatment –

  • Frown lines (wrinkles between the eyebrows)
  • Crow’s feet (wrinkles around the eyes)
  • Forehead furrows (horizontal creases on the forehead)
  • Lines at the corners of the mouth
  • Gummy smile correction
  • Cobblestone skin on the chin
  • Thick neck bands
  • Lip lines 
  • Thick jaw muscles

Medical Treatment-

  • Hyperhidrosis (severe underarm sweating)
  • Overactive Bladder
  • Lower limb spasticity
  • Chronic migraine
  • Cervical dystonia (neurological disorder causing neck and shoulder muscle spasm)
  • Blepharospasm (uncontrollable blinking of eyes)
  • Strabismus (eyes pointing in different directions)

How does Botox Cosmetic Treatment work?

In today’s world, Botox has become one of the most common types of Cosmetic Treatment. But why?

No one wants to grow old, however, even if you can’t stop aging, you can still look young by your face and Botox is the most appropriate and simple solution for it. 

Botox Cosmetic Treatment is a non-surgical minimal invasive treatment that helps in the rejuvenation of your face by reducing fine lines and wrinkles, thus making you look younger than you are. The muscles in which Botox is injected do not contract, as all the signals from the nerves to that muscle get blocked. Which results in relaxing and softening of wrinkles and lines on the face. It is done by the best plastic surgeon in Delhi to ensure you get the desired results to your complete satisfaction.

It is considered a safe and effective treatment to treat wrinkles around the eyes, forehead lines, and frown lines. It is also used to modify other facial features like a defined jawline, lifting the corners of the mouth, smile correction, and many more. The end result is that your face appears to be younger.

What is the procedure of Botox Cosmetic Treatment?

Since Botox is a non surgical treatment, it hardly requires any preparation. And since it is a minimal invasive procedure without any incisions, it only takes a few minutes and you don’t really need anesthesia.

But before the procedure, make sure that your doctor knows about your medical history or allergies. And to help prevent bruising, you should not take any anti-inflammatory medication 2 weeks before botox treatment.

After removing all your makeup and cleaning the treatment area, your neuromuscular tissue will be injected with Botulinum diluted with saline. For a furrowed brow, you will be injected in a targeted area between the eyebrows. For crow’s feet (wrinkles around the eyes) you will need at least 3 injections on the side of each eye. The entire procedure takes around 10 minutes to get completed.

Post Procedure and Results

After getting Botox done, you should not apply pressure, rub or massage the injection site for at least 24 hours, otherwise, there is a risk of spreading the Botox to other surrounding areas. You will also be asked to sit upright for 4 hours by the doctor and to lay off exercising for a day.  

You can start seeing the results after 24-72 hours. It may take up to 1 to 2 weeks to show full effect. 

How long does a Botox treatment last?

This treatment may last for 3 to 12 months depending on the type and area of treatment. Wrinkles and lines start coming back as the muscle action starts coming back gradually and will require treatment again. However, these lines and wrinkles will show less insight as the facial muscles are being trained to relax by shrinking.

What are the Risks and Side-effects of getting a Botox treatment?

Usually, there are hardly any side effects of getting Botox. There might be a little bruising or discomfort, but it goes away in some time. Side-effects include – 

  • Bruising around the injection site
  • Eyelids drooping
  • Swelling in the eyes area
  • Headache
  • Weakness 
  • Numbness
  • Dry eyes
  • Double vision
  • Upset stomach
  • Allergic reaction, like- rash, or itching

If these effects don’t subside, you should immediately call your doctor.

Who should avoid getting Botox done?

Generally, people who are above the age of 18 and have good health can get Botox done. But some people should not go through this treatment if they are

  • Breastfeeding 
  • Pregnant 
  • Have a neurosurgical disease
  • Allergic to any of the ingredients used in Botox


Q-1. What is the cost of Botox Surgical Treatment?

Ans. For a full-face botox procedure that covers fine lines, wrinkles, crow’s feet, and forehead, a single session cost can vary between Rs. 15000 – Rs. 18000.

Q-2. Is Botox painful?

Ans. Botox is not a painful procedure. Some people might feel some pain and discomfort due to the injection, but it goes away after a short period of time.

Q-3. Is Botox safe?

Ans. Yes, Botox is safe, unless the person is breastfeeding, pregnant, has a neurosurgical disease, or is allergic to any of the ingredients used in Botox.

Q-4. Can you stop Botox once you have started getting it?

Ans. Yes, you can stop Botox if you want. It will cause no harm to your face. Just your muscles will not be as relaxed as they were before you first got Botox done.

Q-5. Does Botox make you look older after it wears off?

Ans. No, once your Botox wears off, you will not look older. In fact, the opposite happens. Botox will help you get rid of facial wrinkles and lines.

Fillers – Procedure, Risk and Treatment

What are Fillers?

As you age, your skin becomes more prone to wrinkles and sagging. This happens due to a gradual decrease in muscle volume and elasticity caused due to sun exposure and muscle movement throughout your life like when- smiling, eating, grinning, frowning, and many more. To rejuvenate their face and get rid of these wrinkles and sagging skin, people get fillers, also known as dermal fillers, wrinkle fillers, and soft-tissue fillers.

Why are Fillers used?

As the name suggests, Fillers are used to filling the face/skin to make it look smooth and full. They are natural or artificial soft, gel-like substances that are injected under the skin (lines, tissues, and folds) to enhance it and make it look younger by adding more volume and fullness to that area. Fillers are used for various purposes like –

  • To smoothen out deep under-eye circles and wrinkles
  • To eliminate wrinkles
  • To correct scar depressions
  • To get more fuller and voluminous lips
  • To erase smile lines
  • To smooth outlines around the nose
  • To smooth out hand wrinkles
  • Fill in the shallow areas on the face
  • Improve facial features symmetry

What are Fillers made of?

Fillers can be temporary or long-lasting. There are various types of filters used by cosmetic doctors each having their own features and ingredients. The most commonly used Fillers are –

  • Hyaluronic Acid (HA)

Hyaluronic acid is a soft gel-like substance already present in your skin. It keeps the skin plump and hydrated by adding volume to cheeks, removing wrinkles around the eyes, lips, and forehead. The results are temporary, they last between 6 to 12 months since it is a naturally present substance in the human body, and the skin gradually absorbs it. To avoid discomfort during and after treatment, Hyaluronic Acid is infused with lidocaine. Brand names are – Juvederm and Restylane.

  • Calcium Hydroxylapatite (CaHa)

CaHa is found in your bones (naturally occurring substance). Calcium particles are mixed with a smooth gel before they are injected into the skin. When used as a filler, CaHa stimulates the natural production of collagen to smooth out deep wrinkles and lines. Calcium Hydroxylapatite has a thickened consistency than HA, and thus it lasts longer – usually for about a year. The brand name is Radiesse.

  • Poly-L-Lactic acid

Poly-L-Lactic acid is a biodegradable synthetic substance that is safe to use on the human body. They stimulate the rebuilding of natural collagen to smoothen out lines and wrinkles-and the filler gets dissolved by itself after a few days of the treatment. This filler is semi-permanent as it can last for 2 years. Brand name- Sculptra Aesthetic.

  • Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)

Polymethylmethacrylate is a synthetic substance. When used as a filler, PMMA is made into tiny balls (microspheres) which are injected under the skin and remain there to provide a continuous lift to that area. It also contains collagens, which remove lines and keeps the skin firm. It is a permanent filler with results lasting for 5 years. However, they are not the first choice of a doctor as these long-term fillers have a higher rate of complications like infection. They are marketed under the brand name- Bellafill.

  • Autologous fat injections (fat grafting)

Autologous fat injections are a technique that requires surgery. In this, fat from your other body parts like buttocks is extracted and injected into facial areas. The fat is vacuumed out of the body with a hollow tube that is inserted into the skin through incisions. This method is called liposuction. It helps restore volume in cheeks, lower eyelids, and other areas. The results last for a very long time. This method should be performed by highly skilled doctors only and it may take a week or two to fully recover after getting this treatment done.

What to expect during treatment?


Filler injections are non-surgical (except autologous fat injections) and can take from 15 minutes to 1 hour depending upon the quantity and product which needs to be used. But before the treatment begins, you will meet with the cosmetic doctor for consultation. During this time, the doctor will check the area in which you want fillers and also review your medical history like – any previous medical treatment, skin condition, allergies, or any medication that can lead to harm or treatment failure. They will also inform you about the fillers, how they work and what you should expect in results.

Filler Treatment Procedure

Once you have met with the cosmetic surgeon, and have understood the Filler treatment process. The procedure will be as follows –

  • Firstly, the place where the filler is to be injected will be cleaned and the area will either be injected with tropic anesthesia or numbing cream will be applied so that you have minimal discomfort during and after your treatment.
  • Once the area has become numb, the excess numbing cream will be removed (if it is used) and the area which needs to be injected will be marked to avoid injecting fillers in the wrong area.
  • After clearing the area again, the doctor will inject your skin with the chosen product and amount to give volume and fullness, making it look rejuvenated.
  • In the end, an antibiotic cream is applied over the injection site. 

Post Procedure

You might be able to notice the results immediately depending upon the product type, amount, and the area in which it has been injected. Some people have mild bruising or swelling, but this is temporary and should go away in a few days. Following this, you can return to your all day to day activities. However, there are certain aftercare instructions for Filler Treatment that you should follow-

  • Don’t massage the infection site for at least 2 days after the procedure.
  • Don’t expose your skin to the sun or excessive heat for 2-3 days.
  • Don’t do any strenuous activities or exercise for 2 days.
  • If possible, sleep on your back for the next couple of days.

How long do these Fillers last?

The duration of these fillers depends upon the product, site of treatment, and the metabolic rate of the patient. Generally, a product which is denser and more deeply injected will last longer than others.

Hyaluronic Acid Fillers – 

      • Natural substance
      • Temporary Fillers 
      • Lasts for 6 to 12 months
      •  Recommended for first-time patients

Calcium Hydroxylapatite Fillers-

      • Natural substance
      • Last for at least 1 year (longer than Hyaluronic acid fillers)

Poly-L-Lactic acid Fillers-

      • Biodegradable synthetic substance
      • Can last for 2 years
      • Semi-permanent Fillers

Polymethylmethacrylate Fillers-

      • Synthetic substance
      • Can last for 5 years
      • Permanent Fillers

Autologous fat injections 

      • Fat grafting
      • Last indefinitely

Polymethylmethacrylate Fillers-

      • Synthetic substance
      • Can last for 5 years
      • Permanent Fillers

What are the risks and side-effects of getting Fillers?

There are some patients who have side effects after getting Fillers, but these do not last and might clear away within a week or two.

Side-effects – 

  • Mild Bruising
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Skin rash, itching, or pimple-like eruptions
  • Redness

Risks – 

  • Infection
  • Filler leakage from the injection site
  • Filler displacement
  • Tissue death or blindness due to blockage in blood flow
  • Lumps, Nodules develop around filler injected area (may need to be surgically removed)

Don’t get fillers if – 

  • You are pregnant, breast-feeding or are below the age of 18
  • You have a rash or active acne
  • You have a bleeding disorder
  • You are allergic to any of the ingredients used in the filler.
  • You have keloid or overgrowth of scar tissue

What are the things to be kept in mind before getting fillers?

Even if getting Fillers is generally safe, there are certain things which you should keep in mind beforehand – 

  • Only go to a highly experienced and trained medical professional to get your Fillers done.
  • Make sure to tell the doctor about your medical history, health conditions, or any medication you are on. For example – you should not take ibuprofen before getting fillers, as it makes the blood thin which could lead to bruising.
  • Make sure that the treatment is done in a sanitized medical setting and not in places like- home, spa, hotel, etc.
  • Only use the filler that the medical provider gives, don’t purchase it online. Make sure they are medically approved and ask them about the ingredients in it to avoid anything which could lead to allergy.
  • After getting Fillers, use sunscreen daily to preserve the fillers and save them from inflammation. 

Hair Transplant – Procedure, Risk and Treatment

As humans, we tend to overlook the importance of good health for our hair, until they are gone. If you are one of those oblivious people, hair transplant is what you need to restore a healthy scalp. (not that it matters) It will definitely make you feel more confident about how you look. But first, let us understand the procedure, need and results of hair transplantation.

What is Hair Transplantation?

Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure to fill a bald spot or a spot with thin hair. In this procedure, hair is taken from one part of the body known as the donor site and placed, grafted or implanted at the balding part of the body known as the recipient site. 

Hair transplantation is a modern procedure, which is generally used to treat male patterns of baldness. In most cases, hair is taken from the back of the head as it is an area that is not at risk of balding. There is no risk of rejection of the transferred hair tissue as it is not foreign tissue. This technique is becoming extremely popular these days, due to the high success rate and advancement in its procedure.

What is hair loss?

Losing 50-100 hair a day is normal because, with more than 1,00,000 on your head, such a small loss is indistinguishable. This is how it works- the hair grows, stays for a while and then after an interval of time, it falls down. The lost hair is replaced with new hair and this cycle keeps repeating. But in some cases, this cycle gets disturbed and no new hair grows in the place of the fallen hair. If this continues for a while, you will start noticing thinning of hair or even see bald patches appearing on your scalp. This condition is known as hair loss. It can be permanent or temporary. In this case, you should immediately consult your doctor to determine the cause behind the hair loss and devise a treatment plan for you.

What are the symptoms of hair loss?

In most cases, you may notice high hair fall during washing or combing your hair. The symptoms of hair loss are-

  • Receding hairline
  • Visible bald spots or scalp
  • Thinning of hair at crown area
  • Eyebrow and eyelashes hair loss

What are the reasons for hair loss?

There are multiple reasons which can lead to hair loss, like-

  • Heredity
  • Stress 
  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Poor nutrition
  • Medical conditions
  • Medication

How is hair transplantation done?

Hair transplantation is done using two methods-

  • Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
  • Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)

Hair Transplant Procedure

  • After conducting a few tests to check if you can get hair transplantation surgery, the surgeon will examine the bald spot.
  • Once you are called to the clinic for the treatment, the surgeon will clean your scalp and give you a local anesthesia to numb the area over your head.
  • Now, the surgeon will conduct the surgery and choose one method to obtain follicles for transplantation also called Hair Grafting.
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
  • Also known as Follicle Unit Strip Surgery (FUSS), in this method, the surgeon will cut out a strip of scalp skin, generally from the back of your head with the help of a scalpel. The incision made, which could be several inches long depending on the requirement will be then closed with the help of stitches.
  • Now, using magnifying lenses and a surgical knife, the surgeon will cut the donor scalp into tiny follicular units. They could make as many as 2000 units, known as grafts. These grafts contain one or multiple hair follicles.
  • At the bald spot (recipient spot), the surgeon will use a needle to make small holes, in which these grafts will be planted. This process is known as grafting.
  • Once all the follicle units have been planted, the surgeon will close the surgical area with the help of bandages for a few days.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
  • In this method, the surgeon uses specialised tools to directly extract hair follicles from the draft skin by making thousands of tiny punch incisions.
  • Since there is no long incision, you will usually not require stitches and the scarring will be less noticeable. 
  • Just like in FTE, these grafts will be then planted in the holes made at the recipient site.
  • Bandages will then be placed on your scalp to cover it for a few days.

A single hair transplantation session can take 4 to 8 hour, depending upon various factors.

Post Surgery

Once the surgery is complete, your scalp will be very tender for a while. The bandage will be removed after a couple of days.  You will be taking pain medication for a few days to alleviate the pain and swelling. They also reduce the chances of infection. And you will be called after approximately 10 days for removing the stitches. You might need another hair transplantation depending on the hair loss. 

It will take several days until you can return back to your work life. The transplanted hair will fall off after 2-3 weeks. And you will be able to see noticeable hair growth within or after nine months of the surgery.

What are the side effects of Hair Transplantation?

There are some side effects of hair transplantation, but they go away within a few days or weeks. They are-

  • Bleeding
  • Numbness in the area of surgery
  • Itching 
  • Swelling in the scalp
  • Infection
  • Bruise marks around eyes
  • Growth of unnatural looking hair 
  • Shock loss, or loss of transplanted hair
  • Crust formation on the area of surgery
  • Folliculitis, inflammation, or infection in the hair follicles

Advantages of hair transplantation surgery

  • Boost in confidence
  • Improved appearance
  • Lower expenditure in hair maintenance


Q-1. What is the cost of Hair Transplantation surgery?

Ans. The hair transplant cost in India is 2 lakhs rupees, which may go up to 5 lakhs rupees. is calculated based on the number of grafts required. Each Graft has 3 hair follicles. The procedure carries a cost of While some other low-cost treatments may be offered

Q-2. Is hair transplant permanent?

Ans. Yes, hair transplant is a permanent procedure.

Q-3. Will the hair transplant look natural?

Ans. If the transplant surgery is performed by a trained and experienced surgeon, the hair transplant will look absolutely natural and no one will be able to tell taht you have had a hair transplant. 

Q-4. Is the hair transplantation procedure painful?

Ans. The only time pain is felt is when the anesthesia is being injected into the scalp. And once you have been given anesthesia, the scalp becomes numb and you cannot feel any pain.

Q-5. How much time does it take to recover from the surgery?

Ans. Recovery time depends on person to person and the type of method used. Some might be able to return back to work within a couple of days while for some, it may take weeks to return back to work.

You can also click on the link to visit different Hair services we offer.

Knee Replacement – Procedure Risks and Treatment

Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure to restore a damaged knee joint. In this surgery, the damaged bone and cartilage present in the knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint. Knee replacement helps an individual in restoring function by relieving the pain that could not be ceased by medication or other treatments. 

The Procedure involves cutting away the damaged cartilage and bones from thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and using metal and plastic parts to cap the bone ends. Knee replacement is done to patients who have incurable arthritis or a severe knee injury.

Types of Arthritis that can damage the knee joint, sometimes making knee replacement surgery necessary, include:

  • Osteoarthritis- It is a degenerative joint disease which causes the joint cartilage and the adjacent bone in the knee to break down. This is the most common reason for knee replacement, which usually affects middle aged and older adults. 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis- It causes inflammation of the synovial membrane, leading to excessive synovial fluid which results in severe pain and stiffness.
  • Traumatic arthritis- In this, cartilage of the knee gets damaged due to an injury, which results in arthritis.

Knee Anatomy

Knee is the largest joint in the human body. It is necessary for the knee to work properly in order to perform everyday activities. It is basically made of two long bones which are joined together by muscles, ligaments and tendons. It includes- femur- lower end of the thigh bone, tibia- upper end of the shin bone and patella- the kneecap. All of these bones have a covering of cartilage which absorbs shock, protects the knee and enables them to move easily within the joint. The remaining knee surface is covered with a thin lining called synovial membrane which releases a fluid for lubricating the cartilage thus resulting in nearly zero friction in a healthy knee.

In a healthy knee, all of these components are present in the appropriate amount and work in harmony to carry out daily activities. However, arthritis or any other injury can disrupt this harmony which leads to pain, weakness and improper knee function.

How Do You Know If You Need A Knee Replacement Surgery?

You should consider getting a knee replacement surgery done if you have the following symptoms-

  • Knee pain or stiffness, due to which you are unable to carry out day to day activities like- walking, using stairs, sitting down or getting up from a chair.
  • Severe knee pain which does not go away even while resting, or at night.
  • Deformation of knee- knee bowed in or out
  • Knee pain failed to subside even after taking medication, physiotherapy.


Preparation for Knee Replacement Surgery-

  • Firstly, you will be explained the procedure of the knee replacement surgery followed by which, you should ask all the necessary questions which come to your mind. 
  • You might have to undergo blood tests or other diagnostic tests, so that your surgeon can ensure that you are fit for the surgery. And also make sure to notify the doctor about any pre-existing medical condition (if any) or if you are allergic to something.
  • Before the surgery, the doctor will ask you to fast for a quarter of  the day (8 hours), generally after midnight.
  • Also before you get the knee replacement surgery done,  make sure to make necessary arrangements at your home like- putting safety bars in the bath or shower, arranging help for a week or two after you get discharged from the hospital.

Knee Surgery Procedure

What to expect during knee replacement surgery

A knee replacement surgery usually takes 1 to 2 hours. In partial knee replacement, the surgeon only replaces the damaged parts of the knee with artificial parts made of plastic and metal.

Total knee replacement is a much more elaborate and a major surgery, in which the entire knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint.

  • Before the surgery begins, you are given anesthesia, which puts you in a temporary deep sleep or a spinal anesthesia, which allows you to stay awake but makes you unable to feel anything waist down.
  • First, the surgeon will bend the knee to expose the entire knee surface of the knee joint. After making an incision (cut) of about 6 to 10 inches on the knee, the patella (kneecap) will be moved aside to cut away the damaged joint surface.
  • Now, the surgeon will cut and remove the cartilage and a small part of the bone from the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) and the upper part of the tibia (shin bone) and will cap these ends with a metal implant thus creating a new surface for the joint. If the kneecap is also damaged, it will be replaced with a polyethylene implant.
  • Once, the femur, tibia and the kneecap are put together in place, the surgeon will repair all the tissue (which were cut open in the beginning to reach the joint surface) and close the incision.
  • A bandage is then wrapped around the knee.

Post Surgery Care

After the surgery is done, you will be shifted to a different room for recovery during which, the anesthesia will gradually wear off and you will be given some pain medicine.

Most patients are kept under observation for one or two days in the hospital. During this time, a physiotherapist will tell you some exercises to strengthen your muscles, increase the blood flow and reduce the swelling for a speedy recovery.

Care At Home

A proper recovery is only possible if you follow all the instructions given by your doctor. They include-

  • Not going up and down the stairs until your doctor says so.
  • Using a cane, crutches or walker.
  • Using safety bars in the bath.
  • Using a raised toilet seat.
  • Do not put a pillow under the knee while sleeping as it can lead to permanent knee bend.
  • Removing anything from the floor that might cause you to trip. Like- slippery rugs, wires, etc.
  • Don’t knee on the operated knee for at least 6 months after the surgery.
  • For the first few weeks of surgery, it is also advised to ask someone to help you with daily activities.

Activities you should avoid doing permanently even after complete recovery from knee replacement

There are certain things which you cannot continue doing after getting a knee replacement surgery. They include-

  •  You should avoid sports that require running, jerking, twisting or pulling like football and soccer. Instead , you can take part in lower impact activities, like swimming, golfing, playing tennis and gardening.
  • Do not lift or carry items which weigh more than 9 kilograms, like grocery bags, furniture, large pets, laundry and other things. Doing so can put a lot of pressure on your new knee.
  • Don’t jerk the leg that underwent the knee replacement surgery and take small steps while turning.


Even though a knee replacement surgery is hardly unsuccessful, it still carries some risks, like- 

  • Infection
  • Blood Clotting
  • Nerve Damage
  • Stroke
  • Loosening of the implant

When to call your doctor?

It is imperative to call the doctor right away if you notice any of the following signs-

  • Fever
  • Pain at the incision site does not reduce
  • Shaking chills
  • Swelling, bleeding, redness or drainage at the incision site

In case your knee gets infected, the artificial knee will be removed and you will be given antibiotics to kill the bacteria. Once the infection is gone, a second surgery will be done to put a new knee.


Q-1. How much does a knee replacement surgery cost?

Ans. Generally used cobalt chromium in knee replacement surgery will now cost Rs 54,720 as against an earlier MRP of Rs 1,58,324. Similarly, the cost of special metals like titanium and oxidised zirconium have been slashed by almost 70%, to Rs 76,600 from Rs 2.49 lakh.

Q-2. What is the duration of a knee replacement surgery?

Ans. A knee replacement surgery generally takes about one to two hours. After the surgery, the patient is usually kept in the hospital for observation for one or two days.

Q-3. How long does it take to recover from a knee replacement surgery?

Ans. Recovery speed varies from person to person. Generally, it can take upto 3 months to return to your basic activities. And full recovery might take 6 months to one year.

Q-4. What is the best age for knee replacement surgery?

Ans. The need for knee replacement surgery depends upon the condition of the patient (pain). Usually, people who are aged between 50-80 years undergo total knee replacement surgery.

Q-5. Is knee replacement surgery a major surgery?

Ans. Yes, knee replacement is a major surgery. It is performed only when other treatments like- medication and physiotherapy have failed in reducing the pain and improving knee movement.

Q-6. What activities to avoid after getting knee replacement surgery?

Ans. There are certain things that you should avoid after getting a knee replacement. Like- 

  • Don’t twist your knee.
  • Don’t sit in a cross legged position.
  • Always keep the knee straight while lying down on the bed.
  • Avoid putting stress or weight on your knee.
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