Category Archive Fertility Treatment

Female Infertility: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

What is Infertility?

Infertility means not being able to conceive after having unprotected intercourse for a year. It is also termed Infertility when a woman gets pregnant but keeps having miscarriages or stillbirths. 

There are two types of Infertility-

Primary Infertility- It is called Primary Infertility when a couple has never conceived or even if they have, they end up with miscarriage or stillbirth.

Secondary Infertility- It is called Secondary Infertility when a couple has a child but is unable to conceive again.

In most cases, couples suffer from Primary Infertility.

However, contrary to the common belief that women are the only ones who can be infertile, males can be infertile as well. Both have equal chances of being infertile.

What is Female Infertility?

Female Infertility is a condition where the reason for infertility originates from the female, which makes it difficult for them to conceive a child. Its roots can be tough to identify. 

Normally, during sex, the egg fertilizes with the sperm when it passes through the vagina and reaches the uterus, where the egg is present. But due to female infertility, that egg is unable to fertilize with the sperm and even if it does, the embryo formed is unable to develop properly. There are several treatments, based on what is the reason behind your infertility. 

What are the causes of Female Infertility?

There are several infertility reasons in females. Nevertheless, it can be hard to identify the literal cause. Here are some causes we are mentioning which can be the reason for female infertility:-

  • Problems with the uterus:- Inside the cavity of the uterus, fibroids, and polyps can evolve independently at any time. On the other hand, the septum is available from the time you are born.
  • Problems with the Fallopian tube:- The most usual cause of fallopian tube infertility is a pelvic inflammatory disease, commonly generated by gonorrhea and chlamydia.
  • Problems with ovulation:- There are several reasons why a female may not ovulate perpetually. Hormonal disparity, a former eating disorder, substance abuse, thyroid conditions, serious tension, pituitary tumors are all instances of things that can influence ovulation.
  • Problems with egg number and quality:- Females are born with all the ovums they will ever have and this collection can get used up way early prior to menopause. Not only this, but some eggs will also have a false amount of chromosomes and cannot fertilize into a healthy fetus. 
  • Other factors:- There are other factors that severely affect female fertility – age, obesity, abnormal menstrual cycle, being underweight, smoking, ectopic pregnancy, etc.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy- In this pregnancy, a fertilized egg is inserted outside of the uterus. This situation can result in bleeding in the mother. This pregnancy is deadly for the mother and demands emergency treatment. 
    1. Abnormal menstrual cycle- Normally, a woman has a menstrual cycle of four to seven days. But women with abnormal menstrual cycles have their cycles in either more than thirty-five days or less than 21 days gap.
    2. Age- The quantity and quality of the female’s eggs starts to decrease with age. When women enter in their thirties or mid-thirties, the number of follicles loses their pace, ensuing in lesser and under par quality eggs. This create conception more hard and heighten the danger of miscarriage.
  • Smoking- Apart from harming your fallopian tubes and cervix, smoking expands the threat of ectopic pregnancy and misscarriage. It might also age your ovaries faster and consume your eggs prematurely. Prevent smoking prior to fertility treatments.

Female Infertility Symptoms

The Prime female infertility symptom is the lack of ability of a woman to conceive a child. If you notice that your periods are irregular or absent, you are having a menstrual cycle that happens in the gap of either less than twenty-one days or more than thirty-five days, it can be a sign that you are not ovulating. But it’s not necessary with every one as some of them might not show any symptoms at all.

Other times, infertility in womens can be associated with issues related to hormones. This kind of scenario includes symptoms like:-

  1. Changes in sexual urges and drive.
  2. Skin can become more sensitive and experience too much acne or pimples.
  3. Gain in body weight.
  4. Black hair grows on the chin, chest & lips.

Foods That Cause Female Infertility

Even though lots of women are perfectly healthy, they still fail to expectant. Recently, it is found that an unhealthy lifestyle and bad diet can also be one of the major causes for ovulatory disorder infertility. There are certain foods that can affect fertility in women:-

  • Those edibles have high sugar levels. They have a possibility to escalate the chances of infertility in the womens. Example – White rice, pumpkin, french fries, cornflakes, donuts, etc.
  • Cheese that is not produced by pasteurized milk can affect fertility in females. Listeria is a kind of bacteria that is present in those cheeses, they have the ability to travel the placenta and harm the uterus. 
  • Edible products which have caffeine in them can also result in female infertility. And if you are having more than three hundred grams of coffee everyday, it will heighten the risk of infertility. If you are trying to conceive a child, then you are required to quit caffeine. 
  • Foods like packaged food, fast food, baked and frozen foods have ample amounts of trans fat in them that can be harmful to the fertility of females. 

Treatment Options for Female Infertility

Female Infertility treatment depends on various factors – age, cause, the time span for your infertility, etc. And these treatments demand crucial time, psychological, financial, and physical arrangements. 

  • In Vitro fertilization is a broad and extremely advanced method in order to help the sperm and egg. IVF is an approach of artificial insemination in which the sperm and eggs are merged outside the body and then put down in the uterus after the development of the embryo. The method was first initiated in 1981 and has been victoriously used to deliver birth to over two lakh babies.
  • Surrogacy is an approach in which an embryo formed from the egg and sperm of the intended parents is put inside the uterus of another woman known as the surrogate. A legal agreement is made between intended parents, surrogate mother and the clinic. The surrogate mother agrees to carry the baby for nine months and then hand it over to the parents.
  • Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is among the prominent and popular treatment options obtainable for treatment. This automation is carried out through the amalgamation of hormonal therapy and fertility drugs. 
  • Medical Therapy is a procedure in which particular drugs are prescribed to women struggling from various problems with ovulation.
  • Egg donation requires the moving of Oocytes from the ovary of a female who has confiscated fertility medications for ovarian stimulation.
  • Intrauterine insemination is another method that utilizes a small number of concentrated sperm cells. This process is a pain-free method and requires a few minutes to attain. 


We at Vinsfertility believe in helping you realise your dream of parenthood. We understand that infertility diagnosis can come as a shock to you but are here to offer help and assurance of a bright future ahead. By understanding each person’s individual needs, we provide you with the best-suited solution. For more details contact us at-

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Symptoms, Causes and Cure

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Infertility

Nowadays, PCOS and PCOD issues are getting common among women, especially around 15 to 44. But many people are still not aware of these terms and what difference they carry between them. So, first, understand what each of these terms signifies:-

What is PCOS?

PCOS stands for “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.” This condition is a hormonal disorder common amid females of reproductive age. Women with this problem possibly can have unaccustomed or prolonged periods or excessive male hormones levels. The ovaries may evolve the variously tiny collections of fluid and fail to deliver eggs steadily.

The exact root PCOS is unspecified.


PCOS Symptoms

Symptoms and indications of PCOS frequently evolve throughout the time of the first menstrual cycle throughout puberty. At times PCOS grows later due to considerable weight gain. 

Several symptoms indicate PCOS are

  • Polycystic Ovaries – In this condition, your ovaries can be expanded and hold a small cavity that encircles the ova. Thus, the ovaries might run out to perform routinely.
  • Excess androgen – Raised quantities of male hormones can be upshot in physical indications – too much body and facial hairs and at times awful acnes and serious male – pattern baldness.
  • Irregular Periods – Irregular, few, and far between periods are usually the prime sign of PCOS. one may have a lesser than eight menstrual cycles each year or even abnormally heavy periods less than a gap of thirty-five between periods.

PCOS Causes

You might be wondering what causes PCOS? The precise origin for PCOS is unspecified. Many professionals believe various elements involving genetics play a part- Insulin resistance, inflammation, and Genes have all been connected to surplus androgen production.

  • Insulin ResistanceAround seventy percent of females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have insulin resistance, which denotes that their cells cannot operate insulin appropriately. The pancreas releases insulin to support the body’s use of sugar from edibles for vitality.  When cells can’t use insulin appropriately, the body calls for insulin to rise. The pancreas forms more insulin to requite. Additional insulin sets off the ovaries to release further male hormones. Obesity is a prime reason for insulin resistance. Both insulin resistance and obesity can surge your threat for type 2 diabetes.
  • Inflammation- Females with PCOS frequently have surged amounts of inflammation in their bodies. Being obese or overweight can also give out inflammation.
  • Genes- Studies present that PCOS can be hereditary. And for that, a single or more genes can be responsible for this condition.

What is the difference between PCOS & PCOD?

A lot of us are still not clear about these terms. Some state that they are similar, some state they are different. There is a slight difference between  PCOS “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome” and PCOD “Polycystic Ovarian Disease.” 

PCOD is a severe problem. It is a metabolic disorder. However, PCOD is not regarded as an actual disorder because it can easily cope with if one takes care of her diet and does exercise or yoga regularly. 

How are the two conditions different?

Occurrence: In comparison, Polycystic Ovarian Disorder is more common among women than Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Around one-third of females worldwide face PCOD. On the other hand, PCOS has a low number of patients.

Impact of PCOS & PCOD on Pregnancy: Women suffering from PCOS can face difficulties because of hormonal unevenness. To conceive a child, one should have well-balanced and consistent menstrual cycles that can form a habitat for the egg to pervade with the sperm after the sexual intercourse. Since the amount of androgen is pretty high, conception can become a bit of an issue if one falls under the ailment. 

Causative Factors: PCOS is a disarray of the endocrine system. At the same time, PCOD is a situation that evolves by the abnormality of hormones. It is considered that hormonal genetics and imbalance perform a crucial part in both cases. The high amount of male hormones stop ovaries from building hormones and releasing eggs naturally. Prevention of Insulin and inflammation have also been associated with a surplus number of androgen production.

Keeping good health is vital to put a stop as well as handle hormonal conditions and disruptions. The most acceptable treatment for Polycystic Ovary Disorder & Polycystic Ovary Syndrome will incorporate a well-timed diagnosis and the proper steps that can assist in overcoming the affliction and create the path towards a successful conception.

How to cure PCOS permanently?

PCOS cannot be cured permanently, however, there are certain changes and medications that you can take to balance your PCOS condition. They are as follows:-

Lifestyle Changes:

A weight loss with the help of low-calories plus moderate workout activities will be recommended to you, my doctor. If you reduce even five percent of your body weight it can improve your situation. Reducing weight may also escalate the efficacy of medications recommended by your doctor for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.


  • Combination birth control pills- To lessen the androgen building and manage estrogen. Controlling your hormones can reduce the threat of endometrial cancer and accurately treat bleeding heavy hair growth, and severe acne.
  • Metformin- The oral medication for type 2 diabetes improves insulin aversion and reduces insulin amounts. Your doctor will be going to suggest you add metformin when you don’t get pregnant with clomiphene.
  • Birth Control Pills- These pills reduce androgen release that can result in excessive hair growth.

Be active:

Workout assists in reducing the blood sugar amount. If you have PCOS, escalating your everyday activity and engaging in a systematic exercise plan can manage or stop insulin resistance and support you to maintain your weight under control and keep away from evolving diabetes.

Complication due to PCOS:-

If you are among those who are suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), there is a possible chance that you will face various complications:-

  • Trouble Getting Pregnant- Cyst in the ovaries can hinder ovulation. And because of that if a healthy egg isn’t obtainable to inseminate by the sperm, it’s not possible for one to get pregnant then.
  • Metabolic Syndrome- This syndrome elevates the threat of cardiovascular disease.
  • Insulin Issues & Diabetes- If you have insulin resistance then you will have too much androgen in your body. And because of this your tissues, organs, muscles won’t absorb blood sugar in a well-mannered way.

How to get pregnant with PCOS quickly?

Getting pregnant with PCOS is quite challenging but not impossible. There are various ways through which women with PCOS can get pregnant – IVF, Gonadotropins, and Clomid. Many females will be able to conceive with an amalgamation of way of life changes and fertility drugs. 

Weight Loss to Restart Ovulation

A lot of females with PCOS suffer from obesity. This is due to PCOS negatively influencing how your body operates insulin, which can result in weight gain. This is among the prime factors why females with PCOS who are overweight have more chances to face serious anovulation.

Studies have proved that losing even a little amount of weight can possibly bring back ovulation. As stated by the research, reducing even five to ten percent of current weight can give the opportunity of starting the menstrual cycle. 

But there’s still not enough proof to show that losing weight can actually allow someone to conceive naturally. You still require fertility drugs.


Some people can recover through some medications to tend the condition to assist them to conceive. 

Metformin- If you are insulin resistant, consuming metformin, a diabetes drug, can cure insulin resistance and may reduce your weight. Fortunately, it can also help you conceive.

Clomid- It is the most popular used fertility drug. A lot of women with PCOS will conceive with Clomid. But, it’s not applicable for everyone. 

Fertility Procedures

If all the above procedures don’t work then the next step is In Vitro Fertilization. It includes using injectable fertility drugs to revive the ovaries so that they will provide a good level of a mature egg.


Here are some FAQs to solve any queries you (intended parents) might have regarding PCOS


Sixty seven to eighty five percent of females with PCOS are struggling from vitamin D deficiency. Low vitamin D levels may escalate PCOS symptoms, involving insulin resistance, menstrual irregularities, infertility, ovulatory, hyperandrogenism, and obesity.

Yes, PCOS is linked to other health problems like - Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Depression, Endometrial cancer etc.

Maybe or maybe not. PCOS influences various systems in the body. Lots of women with PCOS observe that their menstrual cycles are more regular as they get closer to menopause. Still, PCOS hormonal imbalance does not convert with age, so they may carry on with having symptoms of PCOS.

Also, the threat of PCOS-associated health issues, such as diabetes, stroke, and heart attack, elevate with age. These dangers may be higher in females with PCOS than those without.

You can reduce your risk of issues during pregnancy by:
  • Achieving a healthy weight prior to getting pregnant. Use this immersive tool to check your ideal healthy weight before pregnancy and what to obtain throughout pregnancy.
  • Getting to the right blood sugar levels prior to getting pregnant. You can do this through an amalgamation of healthy eating habits, regular physical activity, weight loss, and medicines such as metformin.
  • Taking folic acid. Consult with your doctor about how much folic acid you require.
As per the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act, 2021, the commercialization of surrogacy has been declared illegal, and also, Gender Selection is banned in India.
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